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Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

By Health Domain 

26 Sep 2018, 4-min read


‘Cookies, macaroons, cupcakes and kueh lapis; oh my, don’t you want another piece?’ We all love a sweet treat. But are you having too much?

Lee Hsien Loong National Day Rally Excerpt

Diabetes is not solely dependent on the consumption of sugary foods but also on several risk factors such as high blood pressure, impaired fasting glucose, abnormal cholesterol levels, family history or being overweight. 


Don't dismiss these symptoms and get yourself checked regularly:

Blurred Vision

1.         Blurred Vision


High sugar levels in your body can cause fluid to leak into the lens of your eyes, causing it to swell.
This makes it difficult for one to focus and suddenly, everything seems to look fuzzy. Other than the lens, the blood vessels that saturate the retina can leak, causing blurred vision.

Constantly Feeling Fatigued

2.         Constantly Feeling Fatigued

No, this does not refer to the tiredness you feel after coming home from work or having a lack of sleep. If you have sufficient sleep but still experience chronic daytime sleepiness, it may be due to high sugar levels in the blood that cannot be converted into energy in the cells, causing grogginess.

Constant Hunger Pangs

3.         Constant Hunger Pangs

Do you find yourself feeling hungry quickly, even after a big meal? Similar to fatigue, it may be caused by high glucose levels in your blood stream that cannot enter the cells, causing an energy slump. This lack of energy causes hunger pangs.

Unexplained Weight Loss

4.         Unexplained Weight Lost

You’ll know when some things don’t add up. Eating more and losing weight? Isn’t that a metabolism we all dream of having? Unfortunately, that is a worrying symptom. Ineffective insulin prevents the body from getting glucose that you consume to the cells to be converted into energy. Your body will then look for energy alternatives by burning fat and muscle, leading to weight loss.

5.         Frequent Urination

The medical term for this is called polyuria, when the blood sugar level is so high it starts to be excreted though the urine; hence the Malay term ‘Kencing Manis’. Instead of just flushing out excess water from the body, the kidneys react to the high glucose levels by discharging them out from the blood through more urine production causing frequent urination

Frequent Urination
Extreme Thirst

6.         Extreme Thirst

Chugging down bottles of H2O won’t stop the insatiable need for more water for those who have high sugar levels in their blood. As the kidneys work overtime to expel water and glucose from the body, the outcome by the name of dehydration occurs.

Itchy Skin

7.         Itchy Skin

Not all itches spell diabetes. However, people with diabetes or are at risk of diabetes do experience skin itching at higher rates than normal. It is the result of damaged nerve fibres particularly on the hands and feet from poor blood circulation caused by high glucose levels.

Poor Healing of Wounds

8.         Poor Healing of Wounds.

When there is a saturation of glucose in the blood, the natural function of blood to repair wounds is hindered. The red blood cells move slower, preventing the immune system to function at its optimum level. Instead of healing, wounds (especially ones located at the end of the limbs) can quickly develop into something more serious like an ulcer.

 

Disclaimer: The above article is a list of signs that might be communicated to you by your body. If you experience one or more of the symptoms above, it does not mean that you have diabetes. It is always important to fact check with a medical officer and visit your doctor for a check-up. Do not self-diagnose because even doctors are not encouraged to do that. Most importantly, eat healthy and exercise regularly. You know what they say, prevention is better than cure!